The East Indian exodus – 49,368 Guyanese left Guyana ‘LEGALLY’ for US from 2005 – 2014

demockery & capitalism thriving in Guyana
demockery & capitalism thriving in Guyana

don’t believe your lying eyes. progress breeds enemies daily

Immigrant visas issued by US Embassy Georgetown, Guyana from 2005 – 2014
6,887,5,806, 3,197, 5,214, 4,357, 5,185, 4,934, 4,394, 4,750,4,644
73000 visas were issued for the period 1992 to 2004. in other words 122,368 Guyanese ‘legally’ left the country for the USA under PPP mis-rule. and we’re only talking america. throw in the masses in suriname, french guyana, venezuela, trinidad, antigua, grenada, st. kitts, antigua, bahamas, canada, st. vincent, aruba, curacao etc etc and you’re talking hundreds of thousands of Guyanese who have fled demockery under the PPP.
let’s see what the US Ambassador had to say about this issue

….

06GEORGETOWN157 2006-02-15 13:11 2011-08-26 00:00 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Georgetown

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.
SUBJECT: CENSUS PROVIDES INSIGHT INTO GUYANESE SOCIETY

¶1. SUMMARY. The GoG released the results of Guyana’s 2002
Population and Housing Census in October 2005. The census
confirmed two demographic trends that will profoundly shape the
country’s political and economic development: a) total population
is stagnant and predicted to fall; and b) the ethnic composition
is changing, with potentially interesting consequences on
Guyana’s race-driven political environment. END SUMMARY.

————————————-
Total Population: A Rush for the Exit
————————————-

¶2. The GoG released the final report of the 2002 Population and
Housing Census in October 2005. Guyana’s total population as of
September 2002 was 751,223. This represents a 3.8 percent
increase compared to the 1991 census total of 723,673, but a net
decrease of 1.1 percent compared to 1980 population of 759,567.

¶3. In the entire western hemisphere in the three decades between
1970 and 2000, only the islands of Montserrat and St. Kitts and
Nevis recorded lower population growth than Guyana’s 5 percent.
By comparison, the population of the Caribbean region as a whole
grew by 51 percent, the western hemisphere (including the U.S.
and Canada) by 62 percent, and the U.S. by 35 percent over the
same period.

¶4. Why has Guyana come to a screeching halt, demographically
speaking? Relentless outward migration to the U.S., Canada, the
Caribbean and (less so now) the U.K. In a 2003 survey of 1,700
Guyanese high school students, 59 percent said they think they
will leave Guyana permanently within ten years. Post’s Consular
Section issued more than 73,000 immigrant visas between 1992 and
2004, meaning that an average 0.8 percent of the population
obtained an immigrant visa to the U.S. each year during that
period. Even more migrate legally to Canada, UK, Caribbean, and
even Africa (Botswana has been snapping up Guyanese teachers for
more than a decade). Many others migrate illegally and are not
caught in the statistics. Definitive numbers are elusive, but
estimates of the total number of Guyana-born emigrants living
abroad range from 500,000 to 1 million — a massive diaspora
relative to Guyana’s resident population.

—————————————-
Survival Ratio Confirms Emigration Trend
—————————————-

¶5. Guyana’s survival ratio — the percentage of a previous
census’ population reappearing in a subsequent census — in 2002
revealed startling evidence of emigration’s effect. The report’s
authors expected at least 90 percent of 0-19 year-olds in 1980 to
have survived until the 2002 census. Instead, only 53 percent of
these chidren and teenagers in 1980 were still living in Guyana
in 2002 — meaning that Guyana has lost almost half of its
generation born from 1961 to 1980 that should now be in its prime
productive years.

——————————————— ——–
UN Foresees Drastically Shrinking Guyanese Population
——————————————— ——–

¶6. The latest UN “World Population Prospects” was released in
February 2005. The prediction for Guyana is dire. The UN
projected Guyana’s population will be 488,000 in 2050 — a 35
percent reduction from today’s level. Only Ukraine will
experience a greater proportional decline over the next 45 years.
If the UN prediction is correct, by 2040 Guyana’s population will
be shrinking faster than anywhere else on the planet. Long-term
projections of this nature are highly sensitive to modeling
assumptions. But even a milder version of this forecast would
put crippling strain on Guyana’s capacity to sustain itself as a
viable state.

——————————-
Age Distribution: Getting Older
——————————-

¶7. Table of census results showing distribution of population by
age.

Percent
——————
Age Group 1980 1991 2002
——— —- —- —-

                  Percent
             ------------------
Age Group    1980   1991   2002
---------    ----   ----   ----
0-19         53.5   46.3   44.4
20-39        28.0   34.0   31.4
40-59        12.5   13.8   17.1
60+              5.7    5.9    6.3
Not Stated    0.3    0.0    0.7

¶8. The median age was 22.9 in 2002 compared to 18.6 in 1980. In
1980, 53.5 percent of the population was under 20 years old.
This ageing trend will have negative long-term consequences. The
report warns of “increased need for health, pension and national
insurance provisions for the elderly, or policies
governing/encouraging return migration”. Guyana is ill-equipped
to provide these social services under current circumstances, let
alone when demand for them increases.
man sleeping on ground - stabroek market

——————————————— ———–
Race/Ethnic Composition: Amerindian, Mixed Heritage Grow
——————————————— ———–

 ¶9. Table of census results showing distribution of population by
race/ethnicity. 

                          Population (Percent of Total)
                 --------------------------------------------- -
Background            1980            1991            2002
----------       --------------  --------------  --------------
East Indian      394,417 (51.9)  351,939 (48.6)  326,395 (43.4)
African/Black        234,094 (30.8)  233,465 (32.3)  226,861
(30.2)
Amerindian        40,343  (5.3)   46,722  (6.5)   68,819  (9.2)
Mixed Heritage    84,764 (11.2)   87,881 (12.1)  125,669 (16.7)
Other              5,948  (0.8)    3,664  (0.5)    3,479  (0.5)                        Percent Change
                    --------------------
Ethnic Background   1980-1991  1991-2002
-----------------   ---------  ---------
East Indian             -10.8       -7.3
African/Black               -0.3       -2.8
Amerindian               15.8       47.3
Mixed Heritage            3.7       43.0
Other                   -38.4       -5.0

¶10. The number of self-identified East Indians declined by over
25,000 from 1991 to 2002, showing that they continued to emigrate
in large numbers even after the PPP came to power in 1992. The
East Indian population fell by 42,478 between 1980 and 1991 when
the PNC was still in office. While still Guyana’s largest ethnic
group at 43.4 percent of the total population, this is a
significant drop from 1991 when they comprised 48.6 percent.

¶11. The Amerindian population increased by almost half from 1991
to 2002, and they now make up over 9 percent of the total
population. Guyana’s Amerindians are far less likely to migrate
and their fertility rates are higher than other Guyanese.

¶12. The number of people identifying themselves as of mixed
heritage grew by 43 percent between 1991 and 2002. This growth
probably reflects diminishing importance of traditional ethnicity-
based social and political ties as well as more cross-ethnic
relationships. In a country where race has been the primary
driver of voting habits and the two main political parties have
each taken its ethnic electorate for granted, more people who do
not self-identify with one particular ethnic group may mean more
votes across traditional ethnic party lines. With 17 percent of
the population, the “mixed” constituency could shake up the
political establishment.

——————————————— –
Religion: Fewer Hindus, Protestant Groups Gain
——————————————— –

¶13. Taken together, Christian denominations account for 56
percent of the population making Christians the largest single
religious group. 28 percent of the total population is Hindu –
40,000 fewer Hindus than in 1991. The number of Pentecostal
Christians more than doubled between 1991 and 2002 with 17
percent of the population identifying themselves as Pentecostal
in 2002. The absolute numbers of Muslims and Roman Catholics
have both declined since 1991 — Muslims now making up 7 percent
and Catholics 8 percent of the population.

——-
Comment
——-

¶14. The census results and UN report point to a grim picture of
Guyana’s future — a downward spiral of shrinking population in a
weakening state. As more Guyanese emigrate, the pressure and
opportunities increase for those who remain to follow abroad.
Guyana is rich in natural resources (i.e., minerals, timber, and
wildlife) and capable in agriculture, but poor in other economic
sectors such as services and manufacturing. Entrepreneurs see
little incentive to invest in businesses other than natural
resource extraction. Continued population decline will only
exacerbate this fact. Of course, one group in particular has a
strong vested interest in a sparsely populated, weaker Guyanese
state — the narco-traffickers.

¶15. Comment continued: The census does contain one potential
silver lining. The uptick in those who self-report as mixed
heritage may reflect frustation with Guyana’s current racially-
charged political climate. By translating this sentiment into
votes for change, disaffected Guyanese could usher in a new era
of more effective governance. End comment.

BULLEN [this man was the US ambassador at the time of this writing. not a member of the Guyana opposition]

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6 thoughts on “The East Indian exodus – 49,368 Guyanese left Guyana ‘LEGALLY’ for US from 2005 – 2014

  1. Interesting and disturbing developments in Guyana’s population trends and the implications for the nation, as noted by the former US Ambassador to Guyana.

    Thanks for sharing, Mark.

  2. Why is the title “THE EAST INDIAN EXODUS – 49,368 GUYANESE LEFT GUYANA ‘LEGALLY’ FOR US FROM 2005 – 2014”

    But the article does not deal with the time frame 2005-2014 This is just a misleading article to make you think it was 49,368 east Indians who left Guyana from 2005 – 2014 but the article has no facts pertaining to the numbers.

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