The Effect of Oil Spills on Infant Mortality: Evidence from Nigeria

CESifo Working Paper Series No. 6653

42 Pages

Posted: 28 Sep 2017

 

Anna Bruederle

University of St. Gallen
Roland Hodler

University of St. Gallen; University of Oxford; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)
Date Written: September 14, 2017
Abstract

Oil spills can lead to irreversible environmental degradation and pose hazards to human health. We are the first to study the causal effects of onshore oil spills on neonatal and infant mortality rates. We use spatial data from the Nigerian Oil Spill Monitor and the Demographic and Health Surveys, and rely on the comparison of siblings conceived before and after nearby oil spills. We find that nearby oil spills double the neonatal mortality rate. These effects are fairly uniform across locations and socio-economic backgrounds. We also provide some evidence for negative health effects of nearby oil spills on surviving children.

https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3043605

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