The Effect of Oil Spills on Infant Mortality: Evidence from Nigeria

CESifo Working Paper Series No. 6653

42 Pages

Posted: 28 Sep 2017


Anna Bruederle

University of St. Gallen
Roland Hodler

University of St. Gallen; University of Oxford; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)
Date Written: September 14, 2017

Oil spills can lead to irreversible environmental degradation and pose hazards to human health. We are the first to study the causal effects of onshore oil spills on neonatal and infant mortality rates. We use spatial data from the Nigerian Oil Spill Monitor and the Demographic and Health Surveys, and rely on the comparison of siblings conceived before and after nearby oil spills. We find that nearby oil spills double the neonatal mortality rate. These effects are fairly uniform across locations and socio-economic backgrounds. We also provide some evidence for negative health effects of nearby oil spills on surviving children.


Guyana’s gambino family bank could be shuttered soon – withdraw your money from GBTI

GBTI headed breakneck speed to being seized and taken over
if you got money there, now is the time to get it out
dont say you wasnt warned

no way in hell in even a halfway functional society can a bank be allowed to destroy records, keep billions in transactions off books and thumb their noses at regulators.

as it is now, SOCU trying to investigate what happened to 500 million US$ belonging to a govt entity (guyana rice development board)
and getting this level of resistance
imagine what will happen when the accounts of certain individual scamps are requested

camp street got room for Robin Stoby, Edward A. Beharry, Suresh Beharry, Kathryn Eytle-McLean, Richard Isava, Carlton James and Basil Mahadeo. Chief Executive Officer (ag) Shaleeza Shaw

coincidentally Stoby is the attorney of the DPP who also got matters engaging SOCU 😂

another coincidence
GBTI was the only bank to get up at the state asset recovery consultation to ask what will happen to our filthy lucre?
the lady sent was not happy with the answer

the problem with these negroes at gbti is they think they’re too big to comply
they been living outside the law so long, they’ve forgotten how to fly straight
that’s the purpose of laws & enforcement agencies
to straighten out delinquents
go collect your money from gbti
things about to get mo crazy
run tell dat

Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development

Call for Papers: Special Issue of the on the
Economics of Local Food Systems: Utilization of USDA AMS Toolkit Principles
Abstract Submission Deadline: November 30, 2017
Completed Paper Submission Deadline: April 5, 2018
For expected publication in fall 2018

See the full announcement at

For more information about this special topic call for papers, please contact Jeffrey O’Hara (

ISSUE SPONSOR: Colorado State University Food Systems, with support from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Marketing Service. |

Guest Co-editors: Jeffrey K. O’Hara and Debra Tropp (USDA AMS), and Becca Jablonski and Dawn Thilmany (Colorado State University Food Systems)

JAFSCD is published in partnership with University of Vermont Food Systems, Kwantlen Polytechnic University’s Institute for Sustainable Food Systems, North Carolina State Extension/the Center for Environmental Farming Systems, and Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future.

To provide practitioners and their community partners with methods of assessing the economic outcomes of local food system initiatives, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Marketing Service (USDA AMS) funded the development of an economic impact “toolkit.” The toolkit includes guidance and best practices related to framing a community-based economic assessment process. Topics include generating primary data, analyzing both primary and secondary data, engaging community partners and decision-makers with data-driven evidence and examples, analyzing the economic impacts of local food systems through input-output analysis, estimating the multiplier effects and opportunity costs of local food projects, and tailoring the economic impact analysis program IMPLAN to estimate local food system impacts more accurately. See for more background information.

The Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development (JAFSCD) is soliciting papers from organizations and agencies that have used the USDA AMS economic impact toolkit explicitly and/or the principles articulated in the toolkit to evaluate local food system initiatives in their community, region, or on a national basis. Accepted submissions will be published in a JAFSCD special issue in fall 2018.

Possible Paper Topics
Examples of the types of papers that could be considered include (but are not limited to):
· Project-specific evaluations in which the author(s) either had direct involvement or were undertaking a third-party systematic evaluation. Examples include:

o Rigorous case studies that have employed input-output methods to estimate the economic impacts of local food initiatives.

o Evaluations of the economic impacts of local food projects sponsored by USDA grant and loan programs.

· Systematic reviews or surveys of the costs and benefits of various methodologies for evaluating local food system initiatives. Examples include:

o A literature review on costs and benefits of quantitative and qualitative approaches in measuring local food system projects.

o Identifying optimal strategies in primary data collection in local food systems from the literature and/or through targeted community outreach.

o A literature review and/or systematic evaluations of existing secondary data sources for local food systems.

o A survey of local food practitioners who have used IMPLAN.

· Assessments of the effectiveness in reporting local food economic impact evaluations to different audiences. Such papers should contain objective metrics that can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of such studies, although they can also contain some subjective components. Such papers could evaluate the effectiveness of local food impact studies for:

o Insurance providers and prospective local food funders or investors.

o Informing policy, program development, or use in other practical applications.

· Evaluating best practices in community engagement and increasing capacity through local food impact assessments. Such papers should contain objective metrics that can be used for evaluation, although they can also contain some subjective components. Examples of topics include:

o Evaluation of best practices in undertaking local food economic impact assessments that are collaborative, participatory, and useful for practitioners.

o Measuring how the capacity to evaluate local food economic activity has changed over the past five years.

o Measuring or documenting the benefits of establishing a “community of practice” to increase stakeholder capacity in measuring the economic impacts of local food projects.

Submissions Information and Timeline
By November 30, 2017:
To be considered for the special issue, send a 2-page abstract that includes the paper title, authors, research/outreach/teaching objectives of the paper, and how you expect findings to be used by communities, policymakers, food system organizations, or academics to Jeffrey O’Hara (
By April 5, 2018: Authors submit completed manuscripts for peer review.
Starting October 1: Accepted papers begin to be published and all are published online as they are completed.

Contact Information and Details
· For more information about this special topic call for papers, please contact Jeffrey O’Hara (

· For general queries about JAFSCD, contact editor-in-chief Duncan Hilchey (

· See JAFSCD submission guidelines at

Note that JAFSCD welcomes articles at any time on any subject related to the development aspects of agriculture and food systems.

Took Time On National Heroes’ Day To #BigUpJamaica

Right Steps & Poui Trees

There is a whole lot about our country that needs radical change and we know it. And still we love this place. Fi Wi Jamaica, the University of Technology’s “national social intervention project which seeks to bring awareness to and, ideally, protection for targeted socially oppressed groups and individuals in Jamaica”, sponsored a Twitter event today, National Heroes’ Day. BigUpJamaica - Fi Wi Jamaica

Many individuals and organizations joined in:BigUpJamaica - PMI - 16-10-17BigUpJamaica - EqualityJABigUpJamaica - Damien WilliamsBigUpJamaica - Flagstaff Tours 16-10-17

I joined in with a series of tweets of my own:BigUpJamaica - SG 1BigUpJamaica - SG 2BigUpJamaica - SG 3BigUpJamaica - SG 4BigUpJamaica - SG 5BigUpJamaica 6

If you want to learn more about the Fi Wi Jamaica project, take a look at their page on Facebook or read a recent press release of theirs, which blogger Emma Lewis shared in a post: Fi Wi Jamaica: Past, Present and Future

View original post

word of the day useless : see also minister of agriculture Noel Holder



not fulfilling or not expected to achieve the intended purpose or desired outcome.

“a piece of useless knowledge”

synonyms: futile, to no avail, (in) vain, pointless, to no purpose, unavailing, hopeless, ineffectual, ineffective, to no effect, fruitless, unprofitable, profitless, unproductive; archaicbootless

“useless attempts”


having no ability or skill in a specified activity or area.

“he was useless at football”

synonyms: incompetent, inept, ineffective, incapable, unemployable, inadequate, hopeless, no-account, bad; informalpathetic

“he was a useless worker”

Meanwhile, Minister of Agriculture, Noel Holder said that while Linden has been recognised as the mining town, he is positive that “the transformation of the Region lies in agricultural development and diversification.

Minister holder being useless on a recent visit to the rupununi

Holder’s sole “qualification” for being selected minister of agriculture was being the husband of an AFC leader who died.

A few Accomplishments

  1. Announcing the closure of wales estate from his air conditioned office
  2. Dreaming wildly of making guyana a dairy/beef power house
  3. Insane enough to believe massive rice fields in the rupununi savannah is agricultural innovation
  4. No plans for Wales estate 10 months after making his grand announcements 
  5. Travels the world attending useless conferences on nutrition and disposal of chemicals
  6. Hasn’t had a coherent agricultural idea in four decades
  7. Insulted Guyana School of Agri graduates by telling them at graduation go out there and be entrepreneurs without even offering them a cutlass
  8. Knows nothing of relevance to today’s agriculture 
  9. Gets angry and stops talking when challenged
  10. Opposed to an agri development bank